WRITING LUTHER

Cosmowriters

Anthony E. Gallo

 

Writing Luther: A Two-Act Drama

By Anthony E Gallo

 

Genre:   Historic

 

Stage of Development:  Conceptualization and First Draft

 

Organization and Structure.

The Date is 1845, the year of Luther’s death.   Scenes are set up to vacillate between his happy home life with wife Katarina and dreams where he confronts and is confronted by all the adversaries in his life.

 

Premise:

Significance of Luther

One out of every ten Protestants today is a Lutheran, as is one of out of every 20 Christians    And the play asks if he had more in common with Osama Bin Laden than with Jesus of Nazareth. He faced corruption of the most powerful organization on earth.  Leo the Tenth, a Medici no less, had to raise funds to pay off his lavish ordination as pope.  The ceremony was the most lavish of all time.  The selling of indulgences to remove purgatory time.  Purgatory appears nowhere in Scripture and so the institution that created the concept was now selling indulgences to avoid suffering.   And it was working.

 

Ina addition he translated the Bible from Latin to German, and made this phenomenon on a worldwide trend where scripture was changed into the language of the common people rather than Latin

 

His changes were heard around the world.  And he bravely refused to give in, even though there was tremendous peril in his life.  Both the Papacy and European monarchs wanted him assassinated. When he died in 1846, his home was guarded by one hundred soldiers.

 

But his awesome bravery must be balanced against the totality of his life.   Basic research indicates beyond any reasonable doubt that he had far more in common with Osama Bin Laden than with Jesus of Nazareth.   The latter came with a message of love.  He left no doubt that the most important commandment was written:  Love ye one another.    Luther on the other hand was a brilliant theologian, philosopher, logician, and of the most educated men of is day.   But love is another story.   He in face called for annihilation of two groups:  Jews who did not convert and peasants who rebelled against their station in life.

 

Scenario: The time is 1546, and Luther is ill.  He falls into a deep; slumber after his wife Katarina goes into the village, and suddenly he has a dream and is besieged from all his enemies of old.  The famous former Augustinian friar is ill in his room.  Some say he is the most celebrated, admired, and brilliant theologians in the world.   He has triumphed over the powerful Vatican and the Papacy.  His 95 theses against the Roman church have inspired Christians throughout the world.  Here I stand echoes throughout the world.   His theological treatises have now become major areas of study, and he has already inspired millions of people throughout the world for both his bravery and brilliance. He will become the most famous and influential German theologian and pastor in human history.

But he must face his call for genocide against two significant groups of the German population:  Peasants and Jews.  In doing this, the same Christian leader who could discuss minute detail of Christian doctrine ignored the most important commandment:  Love your neighbor as yourself.  Martin Luther called for the slaughter of peasants who rebelled, and all Jews who did not convert to Christianity   Hundreds of thousands of peasants lost their lives during his lifetime.  And his sixty-five page on why and how to persecute Jews would lay the groundwork for mass genocide in future centuries.

His dream reeks with reality.  He faces off with the corrupt and perverted Pope Leo, and then a mystery man appears and harasses Luther on a statement made years ago:  I fear the Devil and sometimes can destroy him with a fart. and then has a contemptuous run-in with Henry VIII, Defender of the Faith.  And then who is this mysterious Manny who won’t leave him alone, and challenges the founder of Lutheranism. And a man named Peter and the Reverend Mueller seek answers from the most influential Protestant of all time.   Katerina, the nun he married a quarter of a century ago and shocked the world, consoles him.  And a whole host of other characters for Erasmus to Melanchthon also confront Luther.  Even St. James appears to question the first German translator of the Bible.

The drama is heavily sprinkled with selections from Luther’s sixty musical compositions.  And Felix Mendelson’s Reformation Symphony serves as the dramas basic theme music

 

CHARACTERS

  1. Marin Luther
  2. Katherina Luther
  3. Jon Eck
  4. Desiderius Erasmus
  5. Emanuel, A visitor
  6. Thomas Munschler
  7. Peter
  8. The Devil
  9. God
  10. Pope Leo X
  11. Henry the Eighth
  12. Paul
  13. Three Dead Peasants
  14. Three Jews
  15. Conrad, A servant
  16. Teitzel
  17. Johann von Staupitz  Melanchto

 

Goals

 

Play must capture the spirit of Luther, show his contributions to mankind, and yet examine him for his lasting contribution to mankind.   Yet Luther is an Icon.   Yet his deeds while showing bravery   also show him to be murderer.   people go to the theater to have a good time.  Therefore, there are several challenges to be reached:

  1. Be entertaining
  2. Show Martin Luther’s brilliance
  3. Show what his contributions to Christianity and Religion are
  4. Show his viciousness
  5. Show his conflict with the characters.

 

Sample Scenes:

 

 

ACT I

SCENE 1   WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY CONFESSIONAL

Martin Luther sits on one side of the confessional and Madeline, a parishioner sits on the other side.

LUTHER

And for your penance, you will recite five Our Fathers and five Hail Marys.

MADELINE

Thank you, Father.

LUTHER

Now go in peace.

MADELINE

Thank you, Father Luther.

LUTHER

Ah, I have one small question for you.

MADELINE

Yes, Father.

LUTHER

Yours is the first confession I have heard today.  And it is close to 5in the afternoon and confessions will be over for the day.   Last week I h only had two.  Can you tell me why? Have folks stopped sinning.

MADELINE

You know better than that Father.

LUTHER

Then why.

MADELINE

Most people do not feel that they have to go to confession anymore.   Except for the poor.

LUTHER

Oh.

MADELINE

Most people are buying Indulgences.  Especially   the St. Peters Indulgences. They are being sold at a discount this week.

LUTHER

How much of a discount?

MADELINE

Twenty-five percent.  You don’t know about it?

LUTHER

I do.  But prefer not to know about it.

MADELINE

My sister- in law who has more money than she knows what to do with had purchased so many indulgences that the joke in the family is that God at they will have to build a new tier in heaven.

LUTHER

I have a felling she is going to be surprised.

MADELINE

You don’t believe in them.

LUTHER

You cannot buy your way into heaven.   Read Holy Scripture.

MADELINE

I cannot read in Latin.

LUTHER

That will have to change too.

MADELINE

I cannot learn Latin.  I’m a farm woman.

LUTHER

No.  The Bible will have to be written German.

MADELINE

That would be nice.

 

SCENE  2   LUTHER HOME 1845

 

Martin Luther, 60, is seated at his desk writing   His wife Katherina enters.

KATHERINA

Sir Doctor?

LUTHER

What is it, my beloved Katherina.

KATHERINA

You are being so kind today.

LUTHER

Am I not always kind, my dear wife and mother of my children?

KATHERINA

Today especially.

LUTHER

Because I love you so much. The flowers?

KATHERINA

Yes.

LUTHER

But it is our 20th anniversary.

KATHERINA

You have a special visitor.

LUTHER

Who.

KATHERINA

Herr——

LUTHER

What!!

KATHERINA

I told him you were busy.

LUTHER

The audacity!!!

KATHERINA

You mean the hutzpah!

LUTHER

Of course.   Send him away.

KATHERINA

He may want to convert.

LUTHER

Ha!  You jest.  But miracles do happen.

KATHERINA

Don’t hold your breath.  My love Martin, let me send him away.  Your blood pressure is already high.

LUTHER

Send him away

KATHERINA

He insisted on seeing you

LUTHER

Tell him I do not want to see him

KATHERINA

Alright!

LUTHER

No stop.   Send him in.

KATHERINA

Make up your mind.

LUTHER

Send him in

KATHERINA

As my Master says.

LUTHER

He may have changed his mind.

KATHERINA

Don’t hold your breath.

LUTHER

Now don’t be too harsh, Katherina.  Miracles do happen. Let him in.

KATHERINA

Before I do My Master Luther. Have you forgotten what day this is

LUTHER

Wednesday

KATHERINA

Anything else?

LUTHER

My Birthday?

KATHERINA

Yes, and we will celebrate your 53 years

LUTHER

Not necessary.

KATHERINA

And what else?

LUTHER

I can’t recall.

KATHERINA

Our anniversary   we have been married 26 years

LUTHER

Women!

KATHERINA

What would you do without them

LUTHER

I have always respected women.

KATHERINA

Ha

LUTHER

Give me a few examples.

KATHERINA

Oh No.

LUTHER

I insist.

KATHERINA

Well you once said: The word and works of God is quite clear, that women were made either to be wives or prostitutes.

LUTHER

And you were the best of wives and will always be.

KATHERINA

Men have broad and large chests, and small narrow hips, and more understanding than women, who have but small and narrow breasts, and broad hips, to the end they should remain at home, sit still, keep house, and bear and bring up children.

LUTHER

That is exactly what you have done.

KATHERINA

And “Even though they grow weary and wear themselves out with child-bearing, it does not matter; let them go on bearing children till they die, that is what they are there for.”

LUTHER

Said in jest,

KATHERINA

God created Adam master and lord of living creatures, but Eve spoilt all, when she persuaded him to set himself above God’s will.

LUTHER

You taunt me today, my love,

LUTHER

Tis you women, with your tricks and artifices, that lead men into error

KATHERINA

And: “We may well lie with what seems to be a woman of flesh and blood, and yet all the time it is only a devil in the shape of a woman.”

LUTHER

No gown worse becomes a woman than the desire to be wise.

KATHERINA

Martin Luther!

LUTHER

Who loves not wine, women and song, Remains a fool his whole life long.

KATHERINA

Tell me!  Why do I love you!

LUTHER

Because I love you.

KATHERINA

And have always treated me with the greatest of respect.

LUTHER

I can love no woman but my Katerina!

KATHERINA

Now and forever.

LUTHER

And I thank God every day that I have you.

A WEEK LATER THE LUTHER DINING ROOM

Luther is eating a huge meal as his wife serves him

LUTHER

I will have more potato cakes

KATHERINA

The sick monster has full recovered

LUTHER

Not quite

KATHERINA

You are eating like a hog

LUTHER

I think I’ll sleep

KATHERINA

Let me bring you the potato cakes.

LUTHER

I love to eat.

KATHERINA

Now eating too much will not be good for your indigestion.

LUTHER

I will also have some wiener schnitzel, dumplings, and cobbler.

KATHERINA

You are growing enormous.

LUTHER

I know.

KATHERINA

And I love you all the more for it.   Dinner is at six.

LUTHER

Why so late.

KATHERINA

I must visit the sick Dickey family.

LUTHER

Ah you will have a special place in heaven.

KATHERINA

I will be back in an hour.   Ursula is downstairs if you need anything

.

She exits. Luther falls asleep.     And we hear angelic voices in the background.  Then we Rock of ages in the background.   Then thunder and lightning. Then a short middle aged man walks in and taps him on the shoulder.

LUTHER

(Waking up)

Who are you.

MANNY

Why do you want to know?

LUTHER

You’re an intruder.

MANNY

That’s right.

LUTHER

Leave.

MANNY

All right.

He turns to leave.

LUTHER

Come back.

MANNY

Make up your mind.

LUTHER

You have the same face as that guy who was here last week.

LUTHER

I shall have you evicted from this room

MANNY

Fine.

LUTHER

Wait Are you not that same man who slipped in here last week.

MANNY

Maybe.

LUTHER

Get out!

MANNY

No.

LUTHER

You….

MANNY

Don’t say it.

LUTHER

I am a sick man. Leave me alone.

MANNY

All right   I’ll get out.

LUTHER

Come back.

MANNY

Make up your mind!

LUTHER

Come closer.

MANNY

Here, I am.

LUTHER

Have you come to lecture me on the squalid Jews?

MANNY

No I have not.

LUTHER

I will have you know that I love the Jews

MANNY

Why have you asked for their slaughter?

LUTHER

I love the Jews.

MANNY

Your treatise.  Sixty-four pages of the worst invective I have ever seen.

LUTHER

All to defend Gods kingdom

MANNY

Ha!

LUTHER

Do no mock me.

MANNY

HAVE IT YOUR WAY.

LUTHER

Now leave

MANNY

No

LUTHER

I said get out

MANNY

No

LUTHER

Jewish scoundrel.

MANNY

Jewish maybe.  Scoundrel. No

LUTHER

Why do you want to stay?

MANNY

I have no alternative

LUTHER

Why not?

MANNY

Ask no questions and you’ll get no lies

LUTHER

Do I hear noise outside?

MANNY

Answer your own questions

We hear the voices of five men and one woman

LUTHER

Who is it.

MANNY

I do not know.

LUTHER

Surely you do.

MANNY

Why should I.  Shall I admit them.

LUTHER

Please do.

Manny exits and enters with Jonathan Eck.

MANNY

Here is your first guest.

LUTHER

Am I seeing right.

MANNY

Yes.

LUTHER

The Bastard.

ECK

Martin Luther.  Martin  Luther!

LUTHER

We meet again.

ECK

Even in a dream

LUTHER

A nightmare.

ECK

Take your choice

LUTHER

Surely you are burning in hell.

ECK

I’m not even dead yet.

LUTHER

I am sure you are.

ECK

Oh Lustful man

LUTHER

Evil man that you are!

ECK

Once we were friends.

LUTHER

God’ light revealed who are.

ECK

I will die for God.

LUTHER

We will all die.

ECK

And you will burn in hell.

LUTHER

Come closer

ECK

Why?

LUTHER

I am going to kill you

ECK

You cannot.

LUTHER

Why am I so helpless?

ECK

Here we are all helpless.

LUTHER

Why?

ECK

We are in a dream?

LUTHER

Who knows.

ECK

Later

Eck (exits).

LUTHER

That Bastard.

MANNY

I have another visitor for you.,.

LUTHER

Who

MANNY

A king?

LUTHER

I am honored!

MANNY

You might also be upset.

LUTHER

I am a genteel man.

MANNY

Yes, Father.

LUTHER

Who is he

MANNY

Henry Plantagenet

LUTHER

What!

MANNY

Yes

LUTHER

That pig.

 

SCENE    LUTHER AND HENRY

We see Luther at his desk.  Suddenly a large man in a kingly outfit appears.

LUTHER

Well!   look who’s here

HENRY

Venomous serpent!

LUTHER

Looks like a fat version of the English Monarch

HENRY

I am here and pound of each pound, oh execrable mind.

LUTHER

I feel so honored by this powerful and murderous king.

HENRY

Evil minded man.

LUTHER

Did you not come to me as you proceeded to behead your first wife? Now you attack me again.

HENRY

You are a peasant.

LUTHER

And I have read Assertion

HENRY

And?

LUTHER

I do not believe you are the author of the work

HENRY

What!

LUTHER

Written by one of your hacks.

HENRY

No it was written by me

LUTHER

Thank you

HENRY

For what

LUTHER

These is something wonderful in a King of England having written against me.

HENRY

Do not it make you boast

LUTHER

May I make a comment about you?

HENRY

Please do Friar Luther

LUTHER

You are a shithead.

HENRY

Were this not a dream I would have you slain

LUTHER

Without justification

HENRY

Why!

LUTHER

If a King of England can spit forth his lying insults in my face, I have the right in self-defense to thrust them down his throat.

HENRY

I will not indulge in a pissing contest with a simple friar.  I am insulted in much about what you say, and especially your attack on Thomas Aquinas.

LUTHER

Wait a minute!    Did you not come to me when you were breaking with Rome, oh Defender of the Faith?

HENRY

Time is warped here.   Who are you to challenge the majestic tribunal of the Saints, the Fathers, and the Popes.

LUTHER

Ha!

HENRY

What can you expect that anybody should believe that nations acknowledge the superiority of a strange priest to whom they owe no allegiance?

LUTHER

Why have I succeeded so well?  I already have a million followers

HENRY

The work of the Devil.   Alas, the greediest wolf of hell has surprised you, devoured and swallowed you down into the lowest part of his belly where he lies half alive and half dead.

LUTHER

Are you not being carried away

HENRY

Oh unhappy man!  Do you not understand how far superior obedience is to sacrifice your will to men of God?

LUTHER

Perverted Leo

HENRY

You blaspheme

LUTHER

Oh defender of the faith. Have you not been excommunicated?

HENRY

In this dream we are all confused.

LUTHER

I understand that the pervert compared you to King Solomon.  Who had seven thousand wives and beheaded none of them.  You’ve had eight and beheaded half of them

HENRY

At last I meet the German monk.

LUTHER

I heard you were plump. I did not know you were obese.

HENRY

Oh Peasant Luther.   You are in the presence of a king.

LUTHER

Here we have no royalty. You look like a bear with a crown.

HENRY

Disrespectful.

LUTHER

If a king of England spits forth his insults in my path, I have the right in self-defense to thrust them down his throat.

HENRY

I say.  You are   an evil man.

LUTHER

So wonderful to have a king of England writing against me.

HENRY

You are loathsome.

LUTHER

You are a secondary monarch with no power to threaten me.

LUTHER

You have soiled a lot of clean paper.

HENRY

You skunk.

LUTHER

You have taught me to have even greater contempt for the high and the mighty.  You Are the worst scoundrels on earth.

HENRY

Be gone!  Oh Devil’s advocate

LUTHER

Who do I see in the background?

HENRY

I must go.

Thomas enters.

LUTHER

Who are you.

THOMAS MORE

Thomas More.

LUTHER

Ha!

THOMAS MORE

You laugh.

LUTHER

The man who hung you was just here.

THOMAS MORE

I am here to see you

LUTHER

I thank you

THOMAS MORE

For what?

LUTHER

For elevating me as did your king

THOMAS MORE

How?

LUTHER

Three hundred page called Responsio ad Lutherum

THOMAS MORE

Ah yes.  I did not attack you sufficiently

LUTHER

You called me a pig, a liar, an ape, a drunkard a buffoon, and a lousy little friar.

THOMAS MORE

And worse than that, you Your writings come from snippets you have gleaned in brothels, barns shops, taverns, whores.

LUTHER

I don’t visit brothels but I love taverns.

THOMAS MORE

So long as your reverend paternity is determined to tell these shameless lies, others should be permitted to throw back to your paternity’s shitty mouth, truly the shit-pool of all shit, all the   shit which your damnable rottenness has vomited up.

LUTHER

You miserable man.  No wonder poor Henry had you beheaded.  Now rot in hell.

THOMAS MORE

And you still believe in that nonsense about celibacy and marriage.  Attaching the sacred sacrament of marriage.

LUTHER

I love marriage.  There is no other route.  That is why I am married.

THOMAS MORE

You state that you do not believe in the sacrament that of marriage

LUTHER

That is right.  I believe in marriage and it is not a sacrament.

THOMAS MORE

Nonsense

LUTHER

Celibacy is not commanded in the Bible nor their marriage forbidden.  Indeed, the contrary is true.  Prohibition of priestly marriage is a sin. What idiocy!   The only reason your wanted marriage is to fulfill your lusts

LUTHER

That is right.  I say kiss and re-kiss your wife. Celibacy in which one is prey to devouring fires and to unclean ideas.   That unhappy   stage of a single person, male or female, reveals to me each hour of the day so many horrors,

THOMAS MORE

You blaspheme the writings of Augustine, Clement and all the great theologians of the church

LUTHER

But not Jesus of Nazareth.   A married life is a gift from God.    Female   companionship is an excellent antidote to a man’s melancholy.

THOMAS MORE

And you don’t consider marriage a sacrament.

LUTHER

A sacrament is a mystery, a secret rite and a visible sign of spiritual grace. Marriage is none of those

THOMAS MORE

Be damned Martin Luther

.

SCENE   DREAM 4

Luther enters the room and a tall wiry man is seated at his desk.

LUTHER

Am I intruding.?

MYSTERY MAN

No, of course not.

LUTHER

You are seated in my chair.

MYSTERY MAN

I know that,

LUTHER

Can you have the decency to get up!

MYSTERY MAN

No.

LUTHER

What!

MYSTERY MAN

I am here.

LUTHER

I know that.

MYSTERY MAN

You have a sharp tongue

LUTHER

Look who’s calling the kettle black.

MYSTERY MAN

What can I do for you?

LUTHER

Go away.

MYSTERY MAN

No.

LUTHER

Go away!

MYSTERY MAN

Ha.

LUTHER

You heard my orders.

MYSTERY MAN

First I am not going to go away.  Second you can’t excommunicate me from your dreams.

LUTHER

Then who are you?

MYSTERY MAN

I’ll give you one hint.

LUTHER

Yes.

MYSTERY MAN

On second thought I better not.

LUTHER

Why?

MYSTERY MAN

It might frighten you.

LUTHER

Tell me.

MYSTERY MAN

O.K. Then.

LUTHER

Go ahead.

MYSTERY MAN

You once said you could kill me with a fart.

LUTHER

Get out!

MYSTERY MAN

You have no power over me

LUTHER

The Devil Himself.

MYSTERY MAN

Yes.  And I’m here to keep you company.

LUTHER

Get out of my sight.   You scoundrel.

MYSTERY MAN

Have you ever thought of farting to get rid of me?

LUTHER

Stop!

MYSTERY MAN

Kill me with a fart as you said!

LUTHER

I have in the past

MYSTERY MAN

At least, so you thought!

LUTHER

Just leave me alone.

MYSTERY MAN

No.

LUTHER

You torture me!

MYSTERY MAN

Only because you think of it that way.

LUTHER

Go away

MYSTERY MAN

Ok.  For a while.

LUTHER

I mean permanently.

MYSTERY MAN

Perhaps.  We agree on one thing.

LUTHER

What is that?

MYSTERY MAN

Martin Luther eats like a hog.

LUTHER

That is right.

MYSTERY MAN

And he farts like a hog too.

LUTHER

Go away!

MYSTERY MAN

Bye1

LUTHER

And do you have a name, Mystery Man.  Surely it must be Lucifer.

MYSTERY MAN

I don’t know which one of those lovey- dovey blubberers gave me that name.

LUTHER

What would you suggest?

MYSTERY MAN

O just call me Devon.

LUTHER

Be gone, Devon.

SCENE   DREAM 5

Peter, a tall man, faces Luther

PETER

Reverend Luther.

LUTHER

Yes

PETER

I pay my respects to you.

LUTHER

Do I know who you are?

PETER

No reason why you should.  But you presided over my death.

LUTHER

You have sinned.

PETER

How sir

LUTHER

You have rebelled against the civil authority.   You have tried to break down God’s order.

PETER

I only wanted to hunt and fish

LUTHER

You must be punished,

PETER

Why?

LUTHER

You have broken the law

PETER

How?

LUTHER

they had violated their oaths of loyalty to their rulers and were therefore subject to temporal punishment;

PETER

That is untrue

LUTHER

You had robbed, plundered, and murdered, and were subject to death in body and soul;

PETER

We want our rights.

LUTHER

they had committed their crimes under the cover of Christ’s name, thereby shamefully blaspheming God.

PETER

You will burn in hell.

LUTHER

You were e like a mad dog which had to be destroyed.

PETER

Have pity

LUTHER

The government has the God-given office to subdue the rebels with force, the only language they understood.

PETER

Please Sir.

LUTHER

Who­ever lost his life in suppressing this rebellion, Luther argues, is a martyr to the gospel.

PETER

May you rot.

Thomas Munscher enters

THOMAS MUNSCHER

Martin Luther!

LUTHER

Thomas Munscher!

THOMAS MUNSCHER

Martin Luther!  You killed me.

LUTHER

Not directly.   But I supported the leaders you tried to overthrow

THOMAS MUNSCHER

And you will have the blood of two hundred of God’s peasants on your hands.

LUTHER

So be it.

 

DREAM: AN HOUR LATER LUTHERS BEDROOM

Luther stands   We hear music.  Then we hear a mass and Leo the Tenth enters

LUTHER

Who is playing that diabolic music

LEO

Diabolic?

LUTHER

Who are you?

LEO

Surely, you recognize me

LUTHER

Ah come closer.

LEO

Here I am

LUTHER

The Devil himself.

LEO

No Christ’s representative on earth.

LUTHER

Ha

LEO

You will burn in hell.

LUTHER

You are the Anti-Christ.

LEO

How dare you.

LUTHER

You are the extravagant son of a notorious Renaissance family, Giovanni de’ Medici was made a cardinal at the age of 13 and became Pope Leo X at 38.

LEO

By God’s choosing!

LUTHER

You have been described as “a polished Renaissance prince,” and “a devious and double-tongued politician.”

LEO

I have always been attacked by the enemies of the church

LUTHER Pleasure-loving and easy-going, you went on a wild spending spree as soon as you ascended the papal throne.

LEO

Done for the people.

LUTHER

Expenses for your coronation festivities alone cost 100,000 ducats-one seventh of the reserve Your plans for rebuilding St. Peter’s Basilica were estimated to cost over a million ducats. Within two years as pope, you   squandered the fortune left by your equally corrupt predecessor a

LEO

Untrue

LUTHER

To keep up with your expenditures, his officials created more than two thousand saleable church offices during his reign. The estimated total profits from such offices have been estimated at three million ducats-but still they were not enough for Leo.

LEO

So false

LUTHER

The sale of indulgences provided you with yet another source of income. To pay for St. Peter’s, offset the costs of a war, and enable a young noble to pay for three offices to which you appointed him, the pope issued an indulgence for special sale in Germany.

LEO

I did what was right

LUTHER

May God have pity on your wretched soul.

 

 

 

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